Medical marijuana also called Medical cannabis refers to the use of marijuana, and it’s by-products to treat disease, improve symptoms or for use in medical field. Medical marijuana has found its application to be limited due to it not being scientifically proven and also due to the restrictions pertaining production of cannabis. Most of the people have claimed that the use of cannabis during chemotherapy helps to reduce vomiting and nausea. And also patients with HIV/AIDS have reported to having improved appetite after using cannabis. Another of its application has been in the treatment of muscle spasms and chronic pain. Its use in other medical applications have been insufficient due to lack of concrete proves about its safety and efficacy. The common side effects of its short-term use include hallucinations, dizziness, vomiting and feeling tired. The long run effects are not clear at the moment, but there are some concerns about addiction risks, cognition and memory problems.
Historical use of marijuana as a medicine
The so much talked about the use of marijuana as a medicine dates back in the ancient times when the hemp seeds were used as food by the human being. Shen-Nung, who was an ancient pharmacologist, recommended marijuana for treatment of gout, absent-mindedness, constipation and rheumatism. Cannabis makes the list of fifty most fundamental traditional herbs in Chinese medicine. Ancient Egyptians used cannabis in suppositories for pain relieving of hemorrhoids. In India, it was a recognized because of its psychoactive characteristics that helped in treating ailments and illness such as headaches, insomnia, gastrointestinal disorders and childbirth pain. The Greeks used it as a drug to dress sores and wounds on their horses and human used the dry leaves of cannabis to stop and treat nose bleeds, and its seeds were swallowed to expel tapeworms.
Legality of Medical Marijuana
Medical use of marijuana as an active substance has found its application in many countries across the world. The use of marijuana for medicine purposes have been legalized in Belgium, Canada, Finland, Spain, Netherlands, Israel, Austria, the United Kingdom, Czech and some states in the United States. The United nation has made special restrictions regarding cannabis and other narcotic drugs. Although the United Nation has restricted cannabis for all no research function, it has allowed countries to choose in order to assist in medical and scientific fields if the country believes it will be helpful in those sectors. The united nation convention on narcotic drugs requires that all the countries that have allowed the use of medical marijuana to use a licensing system for all the involved stakeholders.